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Abarbarea 1 to Aetius

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Abarbarea 1. See NYMPHS [Hom.Il.6.21ff.; Nonn.15.378].

Abarbarea 2. See NYMPHS [Nonn.40.535ff.].

Abaris 1. A Caucasian, who was in the court of Cepheus 1 and was killed by Perseus 1 along with the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS [Ov.Met.5.86].

Abaris 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who resisted Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Euryalus 7 [Vir.Aen.9.344].

Abaris 3. One of the Dolionians; he was killed by Jason during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.152].

Abaris 4. One of the Hyperboreans [Hdt.4.36]. He is reported (in Suda s.v.) as a Scythian, son of Seuthes. He is said to have written several works, among which a Theogony and Arrival of Apollo among the Hyperboreans. He travelled on an arrow that Apollo had given him, both from Scythia to Hellas and from Hellas to Hyperborean Scythia. When there once was a plague in the whole inhabited world, the oracle of Apollo told both to Greeks and barbarians that 'the Athenian people should make prayers on behalf of all of them.' So, many peoples sent their ambassadors to Athens, Abaris coming, as ambassador of the Hyperboreans, in the third Olympiad.

Abas 1. See Poseidon [Arg.1.77; Hom.Il.2.536ff.; Hyg.Fab.157; Val.1.451].

Abas 2. See Argos [Apd.2.2.1; Pau.2.16.2, 2.12.2, 2.25.5, 10.35.1].

Abas 3. Son of Melampus 1 and Iphianira 1 [see Argos]. Abas 3 married Cyrene and had children by her: Lysimache 1, Idmon 2 and Coeranus 1 [Apd.1.9.13; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.1.43.5].

Abas 4. One of the CENTAURS.

Abas 5. See TROJANS.

Abas 6. One of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.126].

Abas 7. A companion of the exiled Aeneas. He was killed by Lausus 1, the man who led one thousand soldiers from the town of Agylla against Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.1.120, 10.428].

Abas 8. See TROJANS.

Abas 9. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN, Abas 9 was killed in battle. His sons Cydon 7 and Argus 9 were killed in the same war by Parthenopaeus, known as son of Atalanta [Stat.Theb.7.646, 9.758].

Abas 10 was a comrade of Diomedes 2 in Italy. He was turned into a bird (Ov.Met.14.505).

Abderus. Abderus came from Opus in Locris. He was Heracles 1's favourite, and the city of Abdera, founded by the latter, was named after him. Abderus, who was son of Hermes, was killed by the MARES OF DIOMEDES 1 [Apd.2.5.8].

Abia was nurse of Glenus. After her the city Abia in Messenia was called. Glenus is son of Heracles 1 and Deianira 1 [Apd.2.7.8, Pau.4.30.1].

Ablerus. See TROJANS.

Abraxas is the name of one the horses of Helius [Hyg.Fab.183].

PERSONIFICATIONS. List of Personifications.

Absyrtus. This name is used by Hyg.Fab.23, Val.5.457, and Cic.ND.3.48 [see Apsyrtus].

Acacallis. This name is used by Arg.4.1490ff. and Pau.10.16.5 [see Acalle].

Acacus. Son of impious Lycaon 2, said to have reared Hermes in Arcadia [Pau.8.3.1ff., 8.36.10].

Academus. When Theseus abducted Helen the DIOSCURI attacked Athens, demanding their sister back. When the people of the city said that they do not have the girl Academus, who had learned in some way or other of her concealment at Aphidnae, told the DIOSCURI about it. For this reason he was honoured during his lifetime by them, and long afterwards when the Lacedaemonians invaded Attica they spared the Academy, which had been called after him [Plu.The.32.3].

Acallaris. Daughter of Eumedes 6. She married Tros 1, after whom the Trojans are called, and had a son Assaracus [DH.1.62.2].

Acalle. See Apollo [Apd.3.1.2; Arg.4.1490ff.; Lib.Met.30; Pau.8.53.4, 10.16.5].

Acamans. See CYCLOPES [Val.1.583].

Acamantis. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.170].

Acamas 1. See ACHAEANS and Theseus.

Acamas 2. See TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.5.460ff., 6.5.ff.].

Acamas 3. See TROJAN LEADERS [Hom.Il.5.70, 12.100, 16.342ff.; QS.10.168.].


Acamas 5. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon [Hyg.Fab.181].

Acamas 6. One of the Thebans who laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes. He was killed by Tydeus 2. [Stat.Theb.3.173].

Acamas 7. An Aetolian in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.7.589].

Acanthis (Acanthyllis), daughter of Autonous 3 and Hippodamia 7, was turned into a bird by Zeus and Apollo who felt pity for her and her family's fate when her brother Anthus 1 was devoured by his father's horses [Lib.Met.7].

Acanthus was brother of Acanthis and shared her fate [Lib.Met.7].

Acanthyllis. (See Acanthis.).

Acarnan 1, son of Alcmaeon 1 & Callirrhoe 2, suddenly became grown-up in order to avenge his father, as his mother requested of Zeus when she was courted by him. The Acarnanians are called after him [see Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.2-6; Pau.8.24.9; Strab.10.2.26].


Acaste 1. See OCEANIDS.

Acaste 2. Nurse of Adrastus 1's daughters. Adrastus 1 was King of Argos and one of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.1.529].

Acastus. See ARGONAUTS [Apd.1.9.10, 1.9.27, 3.13.1-3, 3.13.8; Arg.1.20ff.; Eur.Tro.1128; Hyg.Fab.24, 104; Ov.Met.8.299ff.; Pin.Nem.5.27ff.; Val.1.485, 1.695ff.].

Acca 1. A confidante of Camilla, who told Turnus about Camilla's death. Camilla was a woman-warrior, ally of Turnus, the man who resisted Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.11.820, 896].

Acca 2. (Acca Larentia, Laurentia.). This is the woman who, together with her husband Faustulus, took care of the twins Romulus and Remus 1. Some say she was a prostitute [Ov.Fast.5.453ff.; DH.1.84.4; Plu.Rom.4.3].

Acca Larentia. (See Acca 2). This name is used by Plu.Rom.4.3.

Acesidas. (See Idas 3.). Name used by Pau.5.14.7.

Acessamenus. Father of Periboea 7, the eldest of her father's daughters. She married the river god Axius and had a son Pelegon, who became father of Asteropaeus, the man who served under Sarpedon 1 during the Trojan War and was one of the best among the allies of Troy. Asteropaeus was killed by Achilles at Troy [Hom.Il.21.142].

Acestes. Acestes was the host of Aeneas when he commemorated the death of his father. He was son of the river god Crinisus and a Trojan woman [Ov.Met.13.83; Hyg.Fab.273; Vir.Aen.5.35ff.].

Acestor. Son of Ephippus from Tanagra in Boeotia, killed by Achilles [Plu.GQ.37].


ACHAEANS. Those who are reported to have fought against Troy [see also ACHAEAN LEADERS ].

Achaemenides was left behind by Odysseus in his wanderings and later found by Aeneas. He was son of Adamastus, an Ithacan [Ov.Met.14.161; Vir.Aen.3.614].

Achaeus 1, from whom the Achaeans derive their name, was son of Xuthus 1 and Creusa 1 [see Achaea]. His children were Archander and Architeles 1 [Apd.1.7.3; Pau.7.1.6; Strab.8.7.1]

Achaeus 2, has been said to be the eponym of Achaea. He is son of Poseidon and Larisa 1, daughter of Pelasgus 2, son of Triopas 1, son of King Phorbas 1 of Argos, son of King Argus 5 of Argos, son of Zeus and Niobe 1, daughter of Phoroneus and the first mortal woman with whom Zeus consorted. Others have said that Triopas 1 was the son of the otherwise unknown Peranthus 2 [DH.1.17.3].

Achates 1 was a companion of the exiled Aeneas [Vir.Aen.1.120; Ov.Fast.3.603].

Achates 2 was a Sicilian who came to Aristaeus in order to join Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign [Nonn.13.309, 37.169].

Achelous. See RIVER GODS.

Acheron. See RIVER GODS.


Achlys. Achlys was a Thessalian witch from whom Hera procured treacherous flowers of the field, and shed a sleep of enchantment over the sons of the NYMPHS LAMUSIDES [see NYMPHS], distilled poisoned drugs over their hair and smeared a magical ointment over their faces, changing their human shape into that of the CENTAURS HORNED [see BESTIARY]. [Nonn.14.172.]

Acidusa married Scamander 2, a Boeotian king who named the Inachus river after himself, a stream near by Glaucia after his mother, and the spring Acidusa after his wife. Scamander 2 and Acidusa had three daughters who were known as "Maidens" [Plu.GQ.41].

Acis, son of Faunus 1 and a Symaethian Nymph, was loved by Galatea 1, one of the NEREIDS. However, the jealous Cyclops Polyphemus 2, who loved her, hurled at him a rock which buried him. Acis was turned into a river [Ov.Met.13.750, 13.879ff.].

Acmon 1 was a comrade of Diomedes 2 in Italy. He was turned into a bird [Ov.Met.14.484].

Acmon 2 was a companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was son of Clytius 12, son of Aeolus 4. This family followed Aeneas into exile after the Trojan War [Vir.Aen.10.129].

Acmon 3 is one of the CORYBANTES or perhaps one of the DACTYLS. Along with his brothers he joined Dionysus 2 in his war against the Indians. Acmon 3 was son of Socus 2 and Combe 2 [Nonn.13.135.ff.; Strab.10.3.22].

Acoetes 1 was father of Laocoon 2, the Trojan seer who warned the Trojans against the WOODEN HORSE [Hyg.Fab.135].

Acoetes 2 was a sailor from Maeonia, a region in Lydia about Mount Tmolos in Asia Minor, who opposed his companions when they tried to delude Dionysus 2 [Ov.Met.3.582ff.; Hyg.Fab.134].

Acoetes 3 was Evander 2's squire in Arcadia, before the latter emigrated to Italy [Vir.Aen.11.30].

Acontes. See Lycaon 2.

Aconteus 1. This Ethiopian Chief was on Perseus 1's side at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 at the court of Cepheus 1, Andromeda's father. He was turned into a stone when he saw the head of Medusa 1 [Ov.Met.5.201].

Aconteus 2 was an Arcadian who fought in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Phegeus 6, during the war [Stat.Theb.7.590].

Acraea, daughter of the river god Asterion 2, was, together with her sisters, one of the nurses of Hera [Pau.2.17.1].

Acrete. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 who followed him in his Indian campaign [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Acrias was the sixth suitor of Hippodamia 3. Like most SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3, he was killed by her father King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa [Pau.6.21.10].

Acrisius. King of Argos, who quarrelled with his twin brother Proetus 1 while they were still in the womb. Later, when they were grown up, they waged war for the kingdom, and in the course of it they were the first to invent shields. Acrisius won the war and drove Proetus 1 from Argos. Later an oracle said that his daughter would give birth to a son who would kill him. Fearing that, Acrisius built a brazen chamber and there he guarded Danae. But having learned that his daughter had anyway been seduced, he put her and her child Perseus 1 in a chest and cast it into the sea. Much later Perseus 1 killed him, as they say accidentally, with a discus [see Argos and Perseus 1]. Some say Acrisius' wife was Eurydice 2, daughter of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Taygete; but others say his wife was Aganippe 2, otherwise unknown. By one of them she had two daughters: one of them was Danae and the other was Evarete, who some call wife of Oenomaus 1, father of Hippodamia 3, wife of Pelops 1. [Apd.2.2.1-2, 2.4.1-2, 2.4.4; Hyg.Fab.63, 84].

Acron 1 was one of Aeneas' allies in Italy. He was killed by Mezentius, king of the Etruscans [Vir.Aen.10.730.].

Acron 2. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN [Stat.Theb.10.509].

Acron 3. King of the Caeninenses in Italy. Since the ravishing of the Sabine women, Acron 3 had been suspicious of Romulus. He then rised up in arms against Romulus, but was killed by him [Plu.Rom.16.3-4; Prop.4.10.9].

Acrota. Son of Tiberinus 2 and King of Alba Longa. He resigned the throne to Aventinus 2 [see Romulus] [Ov.Met.14.619].

Actaea 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Actaea 2. See NEREIDS [Apd.1.2.7; Hes.The.240ff.; Hom.Il.18.38ff.; Hyg.Pre].


ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Actaeus 1. The first king of what became Attica. He is the father of Aglaurus 1 [see Athens] [Apd.3.14.2; Pau.1.2.6].

Actaeus 2. According to some he was father of Telamon, father of Ajax 1. Actaeus 2's wife was Glauce 2, daughter of Cychreus, son of Poseidon and Salamis, daughter of the river god Asopus [Apd.3.12.6].

Acte. See HORAE.

Actis is one of the HELIADES 2, a son of Helius and Rhode 2. He left Rhodes and sailed off to Egypt where he founded the city of Heliopolis [Dio.5.56.3-5].

Actor 1 is the King of Phthia in Thessaly, who purified Achilles' father Peleus for having killed his half brother Phocus 3, son of Aeacus and Psamathe 1. Actor 1 was the son of Myrmidon and Pisidice 1, daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete. Some say that Actor 1 died childless, but others say that he is the father of King Eurytion 2 of Phthia, who is also said to have purified Peleus besideds giving him his daughter and a third part of the country [Apd.1.7.3, 3.13.1, Dio.4.72.6].

Actor 2, son of Hippasus 2, is one of the ARGONAUTS [Apd.1.9.16].

Actor 3 is son of Deion, son of Aeolus 1. His mother was Diomede 1, daughter of Xuthus 1, brother of Aeolus 1, and Creusa 1, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. He married Aegina, the daughter of the river god Asopus, and had by her a son Menoetius 2, who became father of Patroclus 1 [Apd.1.9.4, 1.9.16; Arg.1.69; Pin.Oly.9.69].

Actor 4, king of the Eleans, founded in Elis the city of Hyrmina, which he called after his mother. His father was Phorbas 2, son of Triopas 2 or of Lapithus 1. Actor 4 married Molione and became by her father of the twins known as the MOLIONIDES, who are Cteatus and Eurytus 1. [Apd.2.7.2; Dio.4.69.3; Pau.5.1.11].

Actor 5, son of Oenops 1, was among the defenders of the Borraean Gate at Thebes when the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES attacked the city [Aes.Sev.555].

Actor 6 is father of Sthenelus 5, who once followed Heracles 1 in his campaign against the AMAZONS and was killed by them [Arg.2.911].

Actor 7, son of Azeus, son of Clymenus 2, son of Presbon, son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1, was father of Astyoche 5, who consorted with Ares and had children by him: Ascalaphus 1 and Ialmenus 1. The latter, who came from Aspledon and Minyan Orchomenus, is one of those ACHAEAN LEADERS who sailed against Troy [Hom.Il.2.513; Pau.9.37.7].

Actor 8 was one of the companions of the exiled Aeneas [Vir.Aen.9.501].

Actor 9. See LAPITHS.

Actor 10 was a warrior in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He saw when the chasm opened in the earth that swallowed Amphiaraus [Stat.Theb.8.135].

Actor 11 is father of Echecles, the man who received Polymele 2 and her son Eudorus in his home. Eudorus became the commander of a company of Myrmidons during the Trojan War [Hom.Il.16.189].

Actorion was son of Polyxo 6, the woman who invited Triopas 2 and his son Erysichthon 2 to the marriage of her child. Erysichthon 2, however, could not come as he was tormented by the disease (hunger) that Demeter had sent on him [Cal.Dem.77].

Actoris was the name of a maid that Penelope had received from her father [Hom.Od.23.228].

Acusilaus. Son of Odysseus and Penelope [TEL.2].

Adamas. See TROJANS.

Adamastus. An Ithacan who, having no wealth, sent his son Achaemenides to the war at Troy [Vir.Aen.3.614].

Adiante. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Adite. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Admete 1. One of the OCEANIDS.

Admete 2. Daughter of Eurystheus and Antimache, daughter of Amphidamas 1, son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Eurystheus, son of Sthenelus 3, son of Perseus 1, is the king of Mycenae and Tiryns who ordered Heracles 1 to perform his labours. As Admete 2 desired the belt of the Queen of the AMAZONS Hippolyte 2, her father sent Heracles 1 to fetch it [Apd.2.5.9, 3.9.2].

Admetus 1. See Alcestis.

Admetus 2. See TROJANS.

Admon was a Dolionian who was killed by Heracles 1 during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.167].


Adraste was the name of one of the maids of Helen in Sparta [Hom.Od.4.123].

Adrastia 1. See NYMPHS.

Adrastia 2. Another name for Nemesis [Eur.Rhe.342].

Adrastus 1.

Adrastus 2. Father of Eurydice 6, wife of Ilus 2, the founder of Troy. Some have said that she is the mother of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, father of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.3].

Adrastus 3. See TROJAN LEADERS.

Adrastus 4. See ACHAEAN LEADERS.

Adrastus 5. See TROJANS.

Aea is the name of a maiden who was pursued by the river god Phasis 1 in Colchis (Caucasus) [Val.5.425].


Aeantides. Son of Ajax 1 and Glauce 7. At the death of his father he was given to Teucer 1 [Dictys 5.16].

Aeas is a river god who came to console the river god Peneus on account of what had happened to Daphne 1 [Ov.Met.1.580].

Aechmagoras. Son of Heracles 1.

Aechmis. King of Arcadia, son of Briacas, son of Aeginetes 2, son of Pompus, son of Simus, son of Phialus, son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Pau.8.5.10].

Aedon. This woman came to believe that she and her husband loved each other more than Zeus and Hera, and was changed into a nightingale. Aedon was daughter of Pandareus, a Cretan who was involved in the crimes of Tantalus 1. Some say that Aedon was married to Zethus, brother of Amphion 1, the father of the NIOBIDS, but others say her husband was Polytechnos, a carpenter living in Colophon, Lydia, who raped his wife's sister and was punished by her family. Aedon had a son Itylus, whom she killed [Hom.Od.19.518ff.; Lib.Met.11].

Aedoneus. See Hades [Hom.Dem.2.2].


Aegaeon 1. Son of the impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Aegaeon 2 (see Briareus). He whom the mortals called Aegaeon 2, was called Briareus by the gods [Hom.Il.1.404; Stat.Achil.1.209; Stat.Theb.4.535; TIT.3; Vir.Aen.10.565].

Aegaeus. See RIVER GODS.

Aegeoneus. Son of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].

Aegestus 1. A Trojan, founder of Aegesta in Sicily. It is told that one of his ancestors was a Trojan noble, whom King Laomedon 1 put to death. After this, the king delivered the man's daughters to some merchants, ordering them to carry them far away from the kingdom. But a youth who kept them company during the voyage fell in love with one of them and, on their arrival to Sicily, they had a son whom they named Aegestus 1. Aegestus 1 was then reared in Sicily before the Trojan War, but after the death of his Trojan parents, Priam 1 being then king of Troy, he obtained leave to return home, and participated in the Trojan War. When the city was about to fall, he fled to Sicily together with Elymus 3 in three ships that Achilles had lost at the time when he plundered the Trojan cities. Later Aeneas reunited with them in Sicily [DH.1.47.2, 1.52.1-4, Strab.6.1.3].

Aegestus 2. Son of Numitor 2, the Italian king who succeeded Amulius in the throne. Numitor 2 is the grandfather of Romulus and Remus 1. Aegestus 2 was killed in an ambush by order of his uncle Amulius [DH.1.76.2].

Aegeus 1.

Aegeus 2. The Spartan clan of the Aegidae took their name from Aegeus 2, and his hero-shrine, made by his grandsons, could be seen in Sparta at the time when the traveller Pausanias visited the country. Aegeus 2 was son of Oeolycus, a descendant of Cadmus and son of Theras, after whom the island of Thera is called. For Theras was son of King Autesion 1 of Thebes, son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus, son of Laius 1, son of Labdacus 1, son of Polydorus 2, son of Cadmus. Aegeus 2 had a son Hylaeus, who became the father of Maesis, Laeas, and Europas, the three brothers who built the hero-shrines of their ancestors [Hdt.4.149; Pau.3.15.8].

Aegeus 3 is one of the sons of Phorbas 2 and Hyrmina. Phorbas 2 is known for having delivered the island of Rhodes of a snake of immense size [Dio.4.69.3; Pau.5.1.11].

Aegiale is said to be, by Aeolus 1, the mother of Alcyone 2, wife of Ceyx [Hyg.Fab.65].

Aegialeus 1. See EPIGONI.

Aegialeus 2 is called the first inhabitant of Sicyon. He is the son of the river god Inachus and the Oceanid Melia [see RIVER GODS and OCEANIDS]. Some have said that Aegialeus 2 died childless, but others say he is the father of Europs 1, father of Telchis and Hermion. Telchis, who was killed by Argus 1, is the father of Apis 2, the man who called the Peloponnesus Apia after himself and was killed by his own son Thelxion, father of Aegyrus, father of Thurimachus, father of Leucippus 5, father of Calchinia, mother of King Peratus of Sicyon, father of Plemnaeus, father of Orthopolis who was reared by Demeter, father of Chrysorthe, mother by Apollo of Coronus 2, father of Corax and Lamedon, who became king of Sicyon after Epopeus 1 [Apd.2.1.1; Pau.2.5.6].

Aegialeus 3 (see Apsyrtus). Aegialeus 3 is the name given to Medea's brother Apsyrtus by some authors [Cic.ND.3.48, Dio.4.45.3].

Aegialia. See Diomedes 2 [Apd.1.8.6; Apd.Ep.6.10; Mimn.22].

Aegialus. King of Caunus in Caria, Asia Minor, who received Phoroneus' son Lyrcus 2, when he was searching for Io by request of her father. Lyrcus 2 married Aegialus' daughter Hilebia. Aegialus was son of Caunus and the naiad Pronoe 5. He inherited the throne at his father's death and founded the wealthy city of Caunus, after having assembled the people that lived in scattered groups [Con.2; Parth.1.1].

Aegicorus is one of the PANS who came to join Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India. He is son of Pan [Nonn.14.67ff.].

Aegimius 1 was son of Dorus 1 after whom the Dorians were called, son of Hellen 1 eponym of the Hellenes, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. King Aegimius 1 of the Dorians had a dispute about the boundaries of the country with the LAPITHS and was helped by Heracles 1 in the war against them. On the death of Heracles 1 he adopted Heracles 1's son Hyllus 1 [Apd.2.7.7; Dio.4.37.3, 4.58.6; Strab.9.4.10].

Aegimius 2 was the father of Pamphylus and Dymas 1, who were allies of the HERACLIDES [Apd.2.8.3].

Aegina. See Aeacus [Apd.1.9.3, 3.12.6; Dio.4.72.5; Eur.IA.697; Hdt.5.80; Lib.Met.38; Nonn.33.297; Pin.Isth.8.17; Pin.Oly.9.69].

Aeginetes 1 is son of Dereites, son of Harpalus 1, son of King Amyclas 1 of Lacedaemon, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Taygete. Aeginetes 1 was father of Pelias 2, father of Ampyx 3, father of Areus, father of Agenor 9, father of Preugenes, father of Patreus, the founder of Patrae, a city in Achaea [Pau.7.18.5].

Aeginetes 2 was king of Arcadia and son of Pompus, son of Simus, son of Phialus, son of Bucolion 3, son of Holaeas, son of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Aeginetes 2 was father of Polymestor 2 and Briacas. [Pau.8.5.9].

Aegipan 1, son of Pan and Aex, one of the nurses of Zeus, is said to have been nourished to gether with the god. Later, when Typhon, having attacked heaven, severed and hid Zeus' sinews, Aegipan 1, together with Hermes, recovered them. Some say that the constellation called Capricorn or Sea Goat (Capricornus), is Aegipan 1 [Apd.1.6.3; Hyg.Ast.2.13, 2.28].

Aegipan 2 is the son of Zeus and Boetis, a she-goat [Hyg.Fab.155].


Aegius. Son of Aegyptus 1 and a Phoenician woman. He married Mnestra, one of the DANAIDS, and was killed by her on their wedding night [Apd.2.1.5].

Aegle 1. See HESPERIDES.

Aegle 2. One of the HELIADES 1; see Helius [Hyg.Fab.154; Ov.Met.2.340].

Aegle 3. One of the nurses of Dionysus 2 [Nonn.14.219ff.].

Aegle 4 is said to be the woman for whose sake Theseus abandoned Ariadne. Aegle 4 was daughter of Panopeus 3 [Plu.The.20.1].

Aegleis. Daughter of Hyacinthus 2, a Lacedaemonian. When Minos 2 was at war with Athens and he could not take the city, he prayed to Zeus that he might be avenged on the Athenians. The city was then visited by both famine and pestilence, and the Athenians, obeying an ancient oracle, sacrificed the daughters of Hyacinthus 2, among which was Aegleis [Apd.3.15.8].

Aegolius is known for having entered, together with Laius 2, Celeus 2 and Cerberus 3,the cave of Zeus in Crete in order to gather the honey of the sacred bees. For this reason he and the others were turned into birds [Lib.Met.19].

Aegypius. This Thessalian was the son of Antheus 1, son of Nomion 1, and of Bulis. Aegypius became the lover of Timandra 2, but the latter's son Neophron, who was of the same age as Aegypius, being jealous because of the love between his mother and Aegypius, became the lover of Aegypius' mother Bulis and deluded her to sleep with her son. Because Zeus disliked this state of affairs he turned the two young men into vultures and the two women into other birds [Lib.Met.5].

Aegyptius. An Elder of Ithaca. His son Antiphus 6 sailed with Odysseus against Troy, and during their homeward journey he was killed by the Cyclops Polyphemus 2. Aegyptius' other son Eurynomus 1 is one of the SUITORS OF PENELOPE, and was killed Odysseus or someone in his team (Eumaeus 1, Philoetius, or Telemachus) [Hom.Od.2.15ff., 2.22].

Aegyptus 1 was settled by his father Belus 1 in Arabia but subjugated the country of the Melampods and named it Egypt after himself. His mother was Anchinoe, daughter of Nilus, one of the RIVER GODS. By a number of wives among which are Argyphia, Tyria, Caliadne, Gorgo 1, Hephaestine, an Arabian woman, and a Phoenician woman, Aegyptus 1 fathered fifty sons who married the DANAIDS and, with one exception, were murdered by their brides on their wedding night. It is said that Aegyptus 1, distressed at what had happened to his sons, retired to Aroe, which is the city of Patrae in Achaea, and there he died [for his offspring see DANAIDS] [Aes.Supp.324; Apd.2.1.4-5; Nonn.3.300; Pau.7.21.13].


Aegyptus 2. Son of Aegyptus 1 and Gorgo 1. He married either Dioxippe 1 or Polyxena 2 (DANAIDS) and was killed by his bride on his wedding night [Apd.2.1.5; Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Aegyrus. Son of Thelxion and father of Thurimachus. Thelxion was son of Apis 2, son of Phoroneus, the first man. [Pau.2.5.7].

Aella. See AMAZONS.

Aello 1 (Aellopous) is one of the HARPIES, daughter of Thaumas 1 & Electra 1, or of Thaumas 1 & Ozomene. See HARPIES at BESTIARY [Apd.1.2.6; Hes.The.267; Hyg.Fab.14].

Aello 2. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon [Ov.Met.3.206ff, Hyg.Fab.181].

Aellopous (see Aello 1) [Hyg.Fab.14].

Aemilia. Daughter of Aeneas & Lavinia 2. Aemilia is said to have consorted with Ares, giving birth to Romulus, the founder of Rome [Plu.Rom.2.3].


AENEAS IN HADES. Those whom Aeneas met in the Underworld.

Aeneas' Daughter 1. See Aeneas [DH.1.49.2].

Aeneas' Daughter 2. See Aeneas [DH.1.49.2].

Aenete, daughter of Eusorus, is by Aeneus, the mother of Cyzicus, the king of the Dolionians who received the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.950, AO.504].

Aenetus. Son of Deion & Diomede 1. Deion is son of Aeolus 1, and Diomede 1 was the daughter of Xuthus 1, son of Hellen 1, eponym of the Hellenes, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood [Apd.1.9.4].

Aeneus. Father by Aenete of King Cyzicus of the Dolionians, who received the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.949].

Aenitus. Son of Numitor 2. Aenitus was killed by his uncle Amulius in hunting. Both Numitor 2 and Amulius were kings of Alba Longa in Italy [see Romulus] [Plu.PS.36].

Aenius. See TROJANS.

Aenus. See TROJANS.

Aeolia was daughter of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, and Idomene, daughter of Pheres 1, son of Cretheus 1. She married Calydon and had two daughters by him: Epicasta 1 and Protogenia 2. [Apd.1.7.7, 1.9.11].

Aeolius. Aeolius is one of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. He was killed by King Oenomaus 1 of Pisa, her father [see Pelops 1] [Pau.6.21.11].

Aeolus 1

Aeolus 2

Aeolus 3 came in possession of the islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea which are called Aeolian after him. He is the son of Poseidon and Arne, daughter of Aeolus 1, or of Aeolus 2, or of Desmontes [Dio.4.67.3ff.; Hyg.Fab.186, 252].

Aeolus 4 was a Trojan, companion of Aeneas in Italy, where he was killed by Turnus, King of the Rutulians. Aeolus 4 was father of Clytius 12 and Misenus 1 [ Vir.Aen.6.163ff., 9.774, 12.542].

Aeolus 5 was a defender of Thebes against the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES. He was killed by Parthenopaeus [Stat.Theb.9.765].

Aepytus 1 is the co-founder of Priene in Caria, Asia Minor at the time of the Ionian colonization [see Ionia]. He was son of Neileus, son of Codrus 1, son of Melanthus 1, son of Andropompus 1, son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus [Pau.7.2.10, Strab.14.1.3].

Aepytus 2 (Telephon) became the sole survivor of his house after the murder of his father Cresphontes, one of the HERACLIDES. Cresphontes was son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Aepytus 2's mother was Merope 2, daughter of Cypselus 1, son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus & Callisto. Aepytus 2, who was brought up by his grandfather Cypselus 1, became later King of Messenia and punished his father's murderers. Aepytus 2 was succeeded in the throne of Messenia by his son Glaucus 8 [Apd.2.8.5, Pau.4.3.7-9].

Aepytus 3. King in Azania, Arcadia. He received the kingdom from Clitor 2 and was succeeded by Aleus. Aepytus 3 was son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus & Callisto, and Laodice 1, daughter of Cinyras 1, the founder of Paphos in Cyprus, and Metharme. Aepytus 3 was killed by a serpent while hunting [ Pau.8.4.4-7, 8.16.2; Pin.Oly.6.30ff.].

Aepytus 4. King of Arcadia, son of Hippothous 6, whom he succeeded in the throne, and father of Cypselus 1. Aepytus 4 was struck blind after entering a forbidden sanctuary of Poseidon, and died shortly after [Pau.8.5.4-6, 8.10.3].

Aepytus 5 is one of the defenders of Thebes against the SEVEN AGAINST THEBES [Stat.Theb.10.400, 11.240].

Aero (see Merope 3) [Parth.20].

Aerope 1 was daughter of Catreus, son of King Minos 2 of Crete. According to some she married Plisthenes 1 and became mother of Agamemnon. But according to others she married Atreus and had by him Agamemnon, Menelaus and Anaxibia 4. Aerope 1 was in love with her husband's brother (Atreus' brother Thyestes 1), whom she helped to produce the golden lamb which made him king of Mycenae [see also Pelopides] [Apd.3.2.1-2; Apd.Ep.2.11; Eur.Ore.16; Hyg.Fab.86; Pau.2.29.4; Soph.Aj.1297].

Aerope 2 was daughter of King Cepheus 1 of Ethiopia and therefore sister of Andromeda. Aerope 2 consorted with Ares but as she died while giving birth, the god made her dead body able to breast-feed the baby Aeropus 1 [Pau.8.44.7-8].

Aeropus 1. See Aerope 2 above.

Aeropus 2 was son of King Cepheus 2 of Tegea in Arcadia. Cepheus 2 was son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus & Callisto. Aeropus 2 had a son Echemus who inherited the throne and, fighting against the Dorians, killed Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.8.5.1, 8.45.3].

Aesacus 1. See SEERS.

Aesacus 2 is one of the commanders of the CENTAURS HORNED who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India [Nonn.14.186ff.].

Aeschreis is one of the fifty daughters of Thespius & Megamede, with whom Heracles 1 consorted. She gave birth to Leucones [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].

Aesepus 1. See RIVER GODS.

Aesepus 2. See TROJANS.

Aesimus is father of Sinon, the man who was to light a beacon lamp as a signal to the Achaeans towards the end of the Trojan War [Try.220].

Aeson was the son of Cretheus 1 and Tyro. He had two sons: Jason, who became the Captain of the ARGONAUTS, and Promachus 2. A political conflict with King Pelias 1 of Iolcus is said to have led to his death, which occurred when he, being threatened by Pelias 1, drank freely of a bull's blood. Some have said, however, that he did not die then and that he was restored to youth by Medea. His wife is variously called Polymede, Alcimede 1 and Amphinome 2, but whoever Aeson's wife was, she is said to have committed suicide after his death [Apd.1.7.2,1.9.11, 1.9.16, 1.9.27; Arg.3.358; Dio.4.50.2; Hes.CWE.13; Ov.Her.6.105; Ov.Met.7.160ff.; RET.2; Val.1.740, 1.818ff.].

Aesyetes was father of Alcathous 2, who was killed during the Trojan War by King Idomeneus 1 of Crete. He is also said to be the father of Assaracus and Antenor 1 [Dictys 4.22; Hom.Il.13.428].

Aesymnus. See ACHAEANS.

Aetha. See BESTIARY.

Aethalides 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Aethalides 2 is one of the sailors who tried to delude Dionysus 2. He was turned into a dolphin by the god [Hyg.Fab.134].

Aethalion is one of the sailors who tried to delude Dionysus 2. He was turned into a fish by the god [Ov.Met.3.581-691].

Aethalus had a son that was killed by Aeneas in the Trojan War [QS.11.202].


Aetheria is one of the HELIADES 1. See Helius [Hyg.Fab.154; Ov.Met.2.340].

Aethicus. See TROJANS.

Aethion 1 is one of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1 at the moment of the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 on account of Andromeda. He was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.146].

Aethion 2. See BESTIARY.

Aethiops. See BESTIARY.

Aethlius was the first man that ruled Elis. He was the son either of Zeus & Protogenia 1, or of Aeolus 1, or of Zeus & Calyce 1. Protogenia 1 is the daughter of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood, and of Pyrrha 1. Calyce 1 is daughter of Aeolus 1 and Enarete. She is also said to be the wife of Aethlius. Aethlius and Calyce 1 had a son Endymion who consorted with Selene (Moon) [Apd.1.7.2, 1.7.5; Hes.CWE.8; Hyg.Fab.155; Pau.5.1.3, 5.8.2]

Aethon 1. See BESTIARY.

Aethon 2. See BESTIARY.

Aethon 3. Father of Hypermestra, who under the form of a woman was a prostitute, but changing into a man was able to maintain his father [Lib.Met.17].

Aethon 4. See BESTIARY.

Aethon 5. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon [Hyg.Fab.181].

Aethra 1. See OCEANIDS.

Aethra 2. See Aegeus 1 [Apd.3.10.7, 3.15.7; Apd.Ep.5.22; Dictys 6.2; Dio.4.59.1; Eur.Hcl.207; Eur.Supp. 3 and passim; Hom.Il.3.144; Hyg.Fab.37, 243; QS.13.509, 13.497ff.]

Aethra 3 wept as she saw her husband Palanthus 1's fortunes coming to nothing, thus fulfilling the oracle that had declared that the Spartan Phalanthus 1, founder of Tarentum in Italy, would win territory and city when he felt rain under a cloudless sky [Pau.10.10.7-8].

Aethusa. Daughter of Poseidon and the Pleiad Alcyone 1. She consorted with Apollo and gave birth to Eleuther 1, the man who won a Pythian victory for his loud and sweet voice [Apd.3.10.1, Pau.9.20.1].

Aethylla. After the Trojan War, Aethylla was taken captive by the Achaeans. Being in Italy and fearing slavery in Greece, she set fire to the vessels, causing the Achaeans to settle there. For this she and her sisters were called Nauprestides. She is daughter of King Laomedon 1 of Troy, either by Strymo, or by Leucippe 2, or by Placia [Apd.3.12.3, Apd.Ep.6.15c].

Aetion, son of an Heliconian Nymph, was one of the defenders of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Amphiaraus and Apollo during the war [Stat.Theb.7.757].

Aetius inherited the kingdoms of his father Anthas, named one of the cities Poseidonias and later received Troezen 1 and Pittheus, sons of Pelops 1, and for a time there were three kings [see also Troezen] [ Pau.2.30.8].